Silent Killer: High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is often called the "silent killer" because it rarely presents noticeable symptoms but can lead to serious health complications.
Prevalence: It's a widespread issue, affecting around 1 in 3 adults in the United States, making it a major public health concern.
Risk Factors: Several factors increase the risk of high blood pressure, including age, family history, poor diet, lack of physical activity, and stress.
Health Consequences: Uncontrolled hypertension can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney problems, and even vision impairment.
Numbers Matter: Blood pressure is measured with two numbers – systolic (pressure during heartbeats) and diastolic (pressure between heartbeats). A normal reading is typically around 120/80 mm Hg.
Hypertension Stages: Hypertension is categorized into stages, with Stage 1 being 130-139/80-89 mm Hg and Stage 2 at 140/90 mm Hg or higher.
Lifestyle Matters: Lifestyle changes such as a balanced diet, regular exercise, reduced salt intake, and stress management can help manage or prevent high blood pressure.
Medications: In some cases, medications may be necessary to control blood pressure. Common types include diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and beta-blockers.
Regular Monitoring: Regular blood pressure checks are crucial, especially if you have risk factors or a family history of hypertension.
Take Control: Understanding the facts about high blood pressure empowers you to take control of your health and make informed decisions for a healthier future.