Which substances should kidney patients avoid and which should be included in their diet?

Limit Sodium Intake: Excess sodium can strain the kidneys, so avoid high-sodium foods like processed snacks and canned soups.

Watch Phosphorus: Phosphorus-rich foods like dairy, nuts, and cola should be limited to maintain kidney health.

Reduce Potassium: High potassium levels can be harmful, so minimize bananas, oranges, and potatoes.

Control Protein: Too much protein can stress the kidneys, so moderate intake of meat, poultry, and fish.

Stay Hydrated: Proper hydration helps kidney function, so drink enough water daily.

Limit Added Sugars: Excessive sugar can lead to kidney damage; cut back on sugary drinks and sweets.

Choose Healthy Fats: Opt for unsaturated fats found in avocados, nuts, and olive oil.

Increase Fiber: Fiber-rich foods like whole grains and vegetables promote kidney health.

Vitamin D: Include foods rich in vitamin D like fortified dairy products to support kidney function.

Consult a Dietitian: Tailor your diet under the guidance of a healthcare professional.